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Election Laws, State Rules and Procedures

In general, American voters have the opportunity to participate in more elections than the citizens of most other democracies. Some Americans may have several opportunities a year to vote, with each ballot filled with different choices for different offices at various levels of government. Because of its federal system, in which both the national government and the state governments have distinct powers, election day in the United States is actually the occasion for a series of simultaneous state and local elections, each held under separate administrative procedures.

Minnesota State Statutes are laws that apply to all citizens and cover a variety of topics, including the legislature, the executive branch, state departments, the judiciary and courts, tax policy, public safety and police authority, towns, cities, counties, commerce and trade, private property and private rights, civil injuries and remedies, and crimes against people and property and the penalties associated with them.

Minnesota State Laws contain all the acts of the Legislature as passed in each year's legislative session. Laws of a permanent nature are subsequently incorporated into Minnesota Statutes; those are coded laws.

Minnesota State Rules are usually grouped under the agency that administers them. Some agencies are assigned one chapter in Minnesota Rules; others have many chapters. The chapters appear in alphabetical order by agency or department name.

Minnesota State Election Procedures govern the voting process, role of the election administrators, the nature of the balloting, and the counting of the votes.  

Click here to learn more about the State of Minnesota Election Laws and Rules.

St Paul Legislative Code includes Title V, which governs St Paul elections, specifically campaign contributions, election signs, and ranked voting.

Some of the questions that are addressed by election laws are:

  • Which persons are entitled to vote in an election
  • Which persons are entitled to hold office and the procedures candidates must follow to appear on the ballot and rules governing write-in candidates
  • The rules about what subjects may be submitted to a direct popular vote through a referendum 
  • The financing of elections
  • The requirements for creating districts which elect representatives
  • How votes are cast at an election
  • How votes are counted at an election, recounts, and election challenges