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PH Logo Bed Bugs


photo: bed bug banner - photos by G. Alpert, W. Cranshaw, L. Sorkin and J. Gangloff-Kaufmann

Bed bugs feed on human blood, can hide in the smallest crack or crevice and can live over a year with no food.  They are VERY hard to get rid of.  They have not been shown to spread disease; but, their health effects include reaction to bites, loss of sleep, anxiety and depression. 
Myths | Fact Sheets (Toronto Public Health) - 13 Languages | Bed Bug Basics (pdf) - English | Hmong | Karen | Somali | Spanish | Bed Bug Prevention and Control icon:  video - English | Karen | Spanish

What They Look Like
An adult bed bug is the size of an apple seed (3/8”) and thin as a credit card.  They are brown to reddish brown, have six legs and no wings.
Life Cycle | Identifying Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Habits
Bed bugs feed on human blood.  Your breath and body heat are basically an “eat here” sign to bed bugs.  If they can, they will feed every 3-7 days.  They come out at night to feed for 5-20 minutes and hide the rest of the time.  Adult bed bugs may live over a year with no food.  Bed bugs are NOT a filth pest.  That is a myth.  Bed bugs do not care if your home is clean or dirty, they only want your blood. 
Signs of Bed Bugs | Where They Hide | How They Spread

Avoiding Bed Bugs
The best way to deal with bed bugs is to not get them in the first place.  You can avoid bed bugs if you know their appearance and habits.
Preventing Bed Bugs | Preventing and Getting Rid of Bed Bugs Safely - English | Spanish | Chinese 
Michigan Manual for the Prevention and Control of Bed Bugs (pdf)

I want to...
Get a Bug Identified | Dispose of Infested Mattress/Furniture | Resolve a Landlord Dispute

Getting Rid of Bed Bugs
The best choice to get rid of bed bugs is to hire a pest control company. There is little to no chance you will get rid of all the bed bugs in your home without hiring pest control. If you do not have the money to hire pest control, there are steps you can take to cut the number of bugs in your home. 
Hiring a Pest Control Company | Bed Bug Insecticide Guide (pdf) | Controlling Bed Bugs Yourself 

I am a…
Renter | Landlord | Home Visitor | Traveler | School | Health Care Professional

The MN Bed Bug Hotline - 612.624.2200
University of MN - Let's Beat the Bed Bug | MN Bed Bug Fact Sheet (pdf)

Lets Beat the Bug
Facebook | Twitter

Holiday Resources
University of Minnesota - Bed Bug Free Holidays 

University of Minnesota | University of Minnesota - Extension | Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)Central Ohio Bed Bug Task Force | New York State Integrated Pest Management Program | Michigan Department of Community Health | University of Kentucky | Toronto Public Health